The principle of biological individuality is central to Ayurvedic diagnosis and
treatment. There is an unseen but well perceived link between mind and body exerting
a deep and powerful influence over the body in terms of health and longevity.
Maharishi Ayurveda has identified the points of connection between mind and body.
The specific meeting point of mind and body has constellation of unique psychophysiological
characteristics that constitute the individual.
Following is a brief description of the components of our body as described by Ayurveda
Fundamental principles of the physiology. Regulate and govern thousands of separate
functions in mind / body system. They are of three types:-
Vata dosha (V) represents motion and flow. Physiologically, it is at the basis of
respiration, circulation and neuromuscular activity. Vata imbalance predisposes
to diseases of the nervous system, chronic pain, cardiac arrhythmias, rheumatic
disorders, constipation, anxiety and insomnia. Its chief site in the body is in
the Large Intestine.
Pitta dosha (P) directs all metabolic activities, energy exchange and digestion.
Pitta imbalance predisposes to peptic ulcers, hypertension, inflammatory bowel diseases,
skin diseases and allergic reactions. It is also responsible for anger, envy and
jealousy and its chief site in the body is around the Navel region.
Kapha dosha (K) represents structure and cohesion and fluid balance. Kapha imbalance
predisposes towards diseases of the respiratory system, sinusitis, diabetes mellitus,
obesity, atherosclerosis and tumors. It is also responsible for feelings of attachment
and greed. Its chief site in the body is in the Chest.
When VPK, are in balance, health is optimal and when the balance is disturbed, health
Fire (heat), in our body, takes the form of the digestive Juices, known as Agni.
Ayurvedic treatment is mostly about sustaining and balancing the Agnis.
They have the qualities of heat and transformation, and are responsible for cooking
and digestion of food.
There are 13 types of Agnis
Jatharagni (Digestive Secretions) is made up of five Bhootagnis and is mainly located
in the stomach, large and small intestines. It converts food into nutrient plasma
that circulates throughout the body and it.
5 Bhootagnis (Earth, Water, Fire, Air, Space)
7 Dhatuagnis (Plasma, Blood, Muscle tissue, Fat tissue, Bone tissue, Bone marrow
& tissue of the nervous system, reproductive tissue)
Effects of Agni
Clarity of Mind
Long Life Span
Factors affecting Agnis:-
Fasting and Over-eating
Eating before digestion of meals
Eating during indigestion
Eating unwholesome food
Suppression of natural urges
Faulty elimination habits